Admission into MA and MEd Programs
Basic requirements for admission
- an approved Bachelor’s degree and, for K-12 teachers, one year of teacher education;* OR
- a 5-year Bachelor’s degree in Education; OR
- a 4-year Bachelor’s degree in Education or other appropriate area provided the applicant has completed all the necessary prerequisites listed below.
Holders of 3-year Canadian degrees require a fourth or honours year.
Note: Students applying for an MEd or MA in TESL and MLED are not required to have one year of teacher education, although two years of formal teaching experience is required.
Assessments for M.Ed. and M.A. applicants will be based on:
- undergraduate credits (3rd and 4th level coursework) prescribed by the Department as prerequisite to the program.
- minimum GPA of 76% average
In cases where applicants have also completed graduate level coursework toward a master’s or doctoral level program, or as an unclassified student, this coursework is assessed separately.
A considerably higher standing may be required because of competitive demand.
Contains condition(s) that must be met before offer can be considered final. Such conditions may include final documentation showing degree conferred, or submission of academic records from previous institutions. Letter of admission stipulates deadline dates as to when the conditions must be met. Failure to comply with a condition will normally result in the student having to withdraw from the program. Due to immigration restrictions, applicants from China who require a visa to enter Canada cannot be issued a conditional admission and may only be admitted under a full final admission.
Unclassified students are those not enrolled in degree or diploma courses. They require permission in advance from the Dean of G+PS to register in graduate courses and from the course instructor.
Normally candidates in all the Department’s graduate programs require two years of teaching experience.
Background in discipline
Please see the description of all LLED courses.
Please see the description of all LIBE courses.
In general, at least an 18-credit concentration in the subject area is required with at least a B+ standing. The following are the minimum requirements for each specialization area.
- Literacy Education: Secondary
- Literacy Education: Elementary
- Teaching English as a Second Language
- Modern Languages Education
Literacy Education: Secondary (formerly English Education and Reading Education):
Appropriate background includes an undergraduate degree in English (or equivalent coursework) combined with post-degree teacher education (BEd or equivalent) in secondary English. Applicants normally have two years teaching experience or equivalent.
Literacy Education: Elementary (formerly English Education and Reading Education):
Appropriate work includes:
EDUC 303 and LLED 310 and 320 or LLED 300 (formerly LANE 310 and 320 or equivalent READ 391 [formerly READ 305] ) and LLED 321 or LLED 322;
either 12 additional credits of coursework in Language & Literacy Education
6 additional credits in Language & Literacy Education plus 6 credits of related academic or professional coursework.
Teaching English as a Second Language
Appropriate background includes 18 credits of relevant senior coursework (e.g., in English language and literature, applied linguistics, education)
Modern Languages Education
Appropriate work includes senior coursework in the language of specialization; relevant coursework in modern languages teaching methodology.
Assessment of applications
Applicants who meet the Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies’ academic requirements are evaluated for acceptance by the Department using the following criteria:
- scholastic performance
- three letters of recommendation; at least one reference letter must be an academic reference by a university instructor
- applicant’s statement of purpose
- a sample of work demonstrating an ability to do scholarly writing (in the case of doctoral applicants)
- evidence of research ability
- availability of a faculty member with similar research interests and appropriate background to supervise the proposed research
Aptitude tests, including the Graduate Record Exam or the Miller’s Analogy Test, are not required but may be submitted for consideration.
English Proficiency Tests
Applicants from a university outside Canada in which English is not the primary language of instruction must provide results of an English language proficiency examination as part of their application. For acceptable tests and scores, see Application Information
Offers of admission
Once a student is deemed admissible an appropriate pro tem (temporary) advisor for the student is identified. “Qualifying” status calls for the completion of specified prerequisites before being fully admitted to the program.
Any offer for admission is valid only for the academic year it is made. Candidates who do not accept an offer must reapply if they wish to be considered for admission in a subsequent year. It is not necessary to submit new documents unless the student has completed further academic work.
The Master of Arts program in Language and Literacy Education is designed for students engaging in applied research in language education, language study, literacy, and the teaching of literature. The program consists of course work and a thesis. Examples of research areas in the Department are: bilingual education, second language education, socio-cultural dimensions of literacy learning, early reading and writing development, early language development, oral language in the classroom, drama in education, literacy across cultures, multi-modal and digital literacies, post-structuralist critical theory, written composition, language assessment, the role of children’s literature in language and literacy, and educational linguistics.
The MA degree is intended for students interested in conducting a research study or who wish, upon graduation, to assume a research position or to proceed to doctoral level studies. Accordingly, the MA program is designed specifically as a research degree, with students required to carry out and complete an independent research project (Master’s Thesis). Completion of an MA thesis is viewed as a prerequisite for the pursuit of doctoral studies in most institutions.
Applicants to the MA program may be accepted to M.Ed. instead if they are not deemed to be sufficiently competitive at this time to undertake original thesis research in our program.
The Master of Education program in Language and Literacy Education is designed for students engaging in applied research in language education, language study, literacy, and the teaching of literature. The program consists of course work and includes the option of writing a graduating paper. Examples of research areas in the Department are: bilingual education, second language education, socio-cultural dimensions of literacy learning, early reading and writing development, early language development, oral language in the classroom, drama in education, literacy across cultures, multi-modal and digital literacies, post-structuralist critical theory, written composition, language assessment, the role of children’s literature in language and literacy, and educational linguistics.
The MEd degree is designed as a practitioner’s degree, for students who wish to acquire the knowledge, skills and experience necessary to work in a professional field. As a professional degree, the MEd is intended for students who wish, upon graduation, to assume positions of leadership in a practical setting or positions requiring more advanced study than that available at the bachelor’s level. Although MEd students are not required to carry out and defend an independent research project, the program is nevertheless research-based in that consideration of educationally-relevant research constitutes a major focus of study.
A small number of M.Ed students each year who demonstrate outstanding performance and whose research interests align with those of an available supervisor may be allowed to switch to the MA program after their second semester.